“Not all those who wander are lost.”
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, or as he’s affectionately named JRR Tolkien, was a scholar and author who penned the series The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien always had a particular interest in language and linguistics, stemming from his invention of languages like Animalic and Nevbosh which he created with his cousins. Tolkien studies Latin and Anglo-Saxon and would soon become a major scholar of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English and would soon be a Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Oxford. His books, The Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings series, were made into major motion pictures of the same name.
The Lord of the Rings is the sequel to the best selling The Hobbit. This three part series developed into a work much larger than The Hobbit and has sold over 150 million copies worldwide.
The title of the series refers to the main antagonist, the Dark Lord Sauron, who created the One Ring to rule all other Rings of Power. This One Ring is the ultimate weapon to help him conquer and rule all of Middle-earth. The Lord of the Rings follows the fellowship of the ring that consisting of humans, hobbits, a Dwarf warrior, an Elven prince, and a Wizard.
Together, they set out to destroy the ring before the Dark Lord Sauron and his followers find the ring.
Tolkien delayed enlisting for the army until he finished his degree. Upon it’s completion he enlisted and became a second lieutenant in World War I. In 1920 when he was demobilised and left the army his first civilian job was at the Oxford English Dictionary. He would soon work at the University of Leeds as a Reader and then gain a fellowship at Pembroke College where he would pen The Hobbit and the first two volumes of The Lord of the Rings.
Tolkien retired in 1959 when his work was being well received by the public and his fame and wealth was increasing leading him to regret not retiring at an early age. He grew to become unhappy at the sudden popularity of his books during the 1960s counter-culture movement. Tolkien was credited with the resurgence and rise of the fantasy and high-fantasy genre causing Tolkien to be named the father of modern fantasy literature. His influence is so large Times listed him as sixth on the list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945” in 2008 and Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning “dead celebrity” in 2009. Tolkien died in 1973 aged 81.
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